What is Bleed & how do I apply it?

What is Bleed?
Ink that prints beyond the trim edge of the page to ensure it extends to the edge of the page after trimming. As there is a degree of movement when printing on any press and the trimming process, you should always create 3mm bleed on all edges where bleed is needed. If you provide us jobs without bleed may result in white lines when we trim it.

How to apply Bleed?
The process of applying bleed is the same for all desktop publishing programmes. You need to extend the object box, whether picture or colour, out past the edge of your page(actual size). Then, when creating the PDF, you need to set your bleed margins to 3mm.

With Microsoft Word, PowerPoint or Adobe Photoshop you do not have the features to add bleed when creating a PDF. You need to make your page/image size 6mm bigger at the start. You will then assume the extra 6mm (3mm all round) as bleed, which will be removed when we trim your job. For example, A4 is 210mm x 297mm. Your page with bleed will be 216mm x 303mm.

Trim Marks

Trim lines are the finished size of the document. The document is cut close to the trim mark, but because of the mechanical tolerances involved in printing, the actual cut can happen anywhere between the bleeding and safe margin. This is why it is very important to keep all your text and important images within the safe margin(5mm for all round).

Safe Area / Safe Margins

The safe margins are borders that are definitely inside the place where the cut will take place. Please remember to keep all your important information such as names, addresses, telephone no and logo within the save margin ( at least 5mm from the edges all round) to ensure that they aren't cut off when your document is trimmed.

Aspect Ratio

The aspect ratio of your image or photo can be determined by dividing the image's width by its height. If your image or photo aspect ratio is not equal to the aspect ratio of our product, you image may appear stretched or distorted when it is scaled to fit.

Resolution

The define for resolution is refer to the number of dots per inch (dpi), or the amount of details the image has. Most documents or artwork prepared should be 300 dpi at 100% of the final print size. Higher resolution means a more detailed image, and also larger file means longer upload time.

CMYK vs RGB

CMYK (Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Black) are the colors used in the printing process, whereas RGB (Red, Green and Blue) are the colors used by screen displays such as your monitor. Please note that JPEG files are almost always in RGB mode.

Your document or artwork should be created in CMYK mode so that the colors that you see on the screen most closely match the final printed product. If you create your document in RGB, the colors in your printed product may vary slightly. Many of the bright values produced by your monitor cannot be produce in printing.

Converting Fonts to Outlines

Text need to be converted into outline in some graphics program. This will enable us to safely print out the fonts that you want.

Vector vs. Raster

The define of Vector Images

Vector images use mathematical equations to define each component of an image. This allow vector images to retain their high quality at any size. When possible, use vector graphics created in a desktop publishing program.

The define of Raster Images

A raster image composed of a collection of tiny dots called pixels. When these pixels are small, and place close together forming into a single image. Raster images work well when subtle gradations of color are necessary. A major disadvantage of raster images is that their quality are lower when they are enlarged or otherwise transformed. The file size for raster image is also larger than vector.

Images

Digital Imaging

You may create products on our web site using some images. Your designs, photos and images can come from digital camera, scanner or the web.

Any images you planning to use must be save at 300 dpi or above at 100% output size for the best of printing results. It will be helpful to know that shrinking an image on a product will increase its resolution. For example, an image captured at 600 x 900 pixels has 150 dpi at 4" x 6". However, it can be printed at 300 dpi by reducing its dimensions or size on the product to 2" x 3".

Images from a Digital Camera

If you wish to use images or picture from a digital camera, make sure that the camera is set to high resolution. Most cameras have various settings for resolutions. The highest resolution for your camera depends on how many megapixels it has.You cannot increase the resolution of the picture after it taken.

Images from scanner

Like a digital camera, a scanner must set to the proper resolution before image scanning. Many scanners default to 150 dpi. Set your scanner resolution so that it results in 300 dpi at the images final print size. If your resulting scanned image is smaller than the recommended size or has less dpi than you need, you should redo the scanning at a higher resolution.

Images from the web

Images that taken from the web are mostly 72 dpi resolution. This resolution is much too low for quality printing. In addition, most images on the web are protected by copyright laws. For these reasons, we do not recommend using images from the web.

Print Size Guide

A0 - 841mm x 1189mm |A1 - 594mm x 841mm | A2 - 420mm x 594mm | A3 - 297mm x 420mm | A4 - 210mm x 297mm | A5 - 148mm x 210mm | A6 - 105mm x 148mm | A7 - 74mm x 105mm | DL - 99mm x 210mm | SRA3 Plus - 320mm x 460mm(print area 310mm x 440mm)